Aquarius Constellation: Facts, Mythology & Location

Aquarius Constellation is a cluster of stars, visible in the night on the clear sky that forms a certain pattern; gaining historical importance since the location of these stars and their visibility aided people with understanding the time during the night and direction for travelers and sailors.

Etymology

Each of the terminologies of the title of this article; ‘Aquarius’ and ‘Constellation’ are fairly common jargons. Aquarius, meaning water carrier and Constellation meaning relative locations of stars. ‘Aquarius constellation’ is, therefore, the terminology associated with a certain set of stars seen in the night that was as a figure bearing water.

Mythology and History of Aquarius

Aquarius the water bearer was commonly worshipped as a divine deity during the Babylon era, going by the name of ‘Ea’ the God was said to be responsible for floods and changes in the ocean; after the floods in the river Nile happened annually and marked the change of seasons,Aquarius became a popular God in the Egyptian civilization.

Taking the name of Deucalion in the Greek civilization, Aquarius is known as the son of Prometheus, the titan who created mankind. In Chinese astronomy, Aquarius is located within the northern quadrant of the sky, which is symbolized as the Black Tortoise of the North.

The stream of water flowing from the Water Jar was depicted as the “Army of Yu-Lin”. “Yu-lin” translates literally to “feathers and forests”, which refers to the numerous foot soldiers from the northern reaches of the empire that was represented by these faint stars.

Ptolemy, an astronomer of Babylon, identified the constellation as he divided the Zodiac, an area of the sky with a linear range of 8o into 12 signs, each being referred to a month and an astrological sign. Aquarius is one of these signs.

Aquarius’ visibility and location

Aquarius is the 10th largest constellation in the sky. The constellation can be seen in the spring in the Southern Hemisphere and the fall in the Northern Hemisphere. It is spread out over 980 square degrees. However, there are no particularly bright stars in the constellation and it can be difficult to view with the naked eye conveniently. This can be explained by theorizing that the said constellation was popular for navigation in ancient times since the sky was relatively a lot clearer and the light from the stars forming the said constellation was much more luminous, accounting for the time and space barrier of 15 light years between the Earth and Aquarius constellation.

Components of the aquarius constellation

As a large constellation of stars,
the Aquarius is now verified to
contain different stars of
different sizes and luminosity,
some of the said stars containing
entire planetary systems and
solar systems along with them;
the stars in the constellation are
described below.
Sadalsuud:
Yellow supergiants are the rare
class of stars that are formed
when a star swells and gets to its
final form before its death, most
stars become black holes before
become yellow supergiants.
Sadalust is one of these stars,
over 500 light-years away in the
Aquarius Constellation.
Sadalsuud is the most popular star of the constellation primarily due to the fact that it the most
luminous star in the Aquarius Constellation; associated with the fortune of the spring season, given that
the spring season marks the annual flooding of river Nile directly attributed to Aquarius the water
bearer.

Sadalmelik:

Another very popular star in the constellation, relatively convenient to view is the Sadalmelik or
Alpha-Aqueri; around 800 light years away from Earth, the fact that this star is still visible confirms
that it is one of the Oldest stars observed with telescopes. Sad-al-melik means Luck-of-King in Arabic.

R Aquarii:

Upon decay, stars can form into two parts; a dwarf and a giant. R Aquarii is one such decayed star.
The star is located almost 600 light years away.

Sadachbia:

Sadachbia is located 158 light years away from Earth. Sadachbia is derived from the Arabic
phrase Sad Al-Axbiyah, which means “luck of the homes.”

Sadaltager:

Sadaltager is located at the center of the jar of flowing water in the figure-forming Aquarius in the
constellation. Located around 100 light years away from Earth. Derived from the Arabic
expression Sad Al-Tajir, meaning “luck of the merchant.”

Skat:

Skat is derived from the Arabic As-Saq, which means leg or shin; the star lies on one of Aquarius
figure’s leg. Skat is the third brightest star in Aquarius.
More stars:
 91 Aquarii
 HD 219449 b
 Gliese 849
 Gliese 876
 88 Aquarii
 λ Aquarii
 ε Aquarii

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